Sicily can be defined as an island between sky and sea. With a strategic position placed in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, and always targeting numerous tourists every year.
Borders: Wet by the Tyrrhenian Sea to the north, from the Ionian to the east and from the Sicilian Sea to the south, it, with its nearly 26,000 sq km of extension, is the largest Italian region and the largest Mediterranean island. It is separated from Calabria by the Strait of Messina, only 3 km wide, and from Africa by the Canal of Sicily.
Territory: The territory of Sicily is almost completely mountainous. Along the Tyrrhenian side there is a chain of Sicilian Apennines, formed by three mountainous systems: the Peloritani, the Nebrodi and the Madonie. The ionic slope is dominated by Etna, which with its 3323 meters is the highest active volcano in Europe. Plains occupy only a seventh of Sicilian territory. The most important are: the Conca d’Oro, near Palermo, and the Piana di Catania, at the foot of Mount Etna.
Rivers: Rivers have high water flow rates in the winter, while in the summer they dry up a lot. The most important river in Sicily is the Simeto (113 km), which is born on the Nebrodi and it is enriched by various tributaries that descend from Etna, wetting the Piana of Catania. The longest river (144 km) is however the Imera-Salso, which originates in the Madonie. The Belice flows in the westernmost section of the island (Val di Mazara).
Lakes: Lakes, due to drought, are predominantly artificial.
Climate: The climate is characterized by warm summers and mild and rainy winters. The summers are drifting. Snow falls abundantly above 1000 meters.
- Area: 25 832.39 km²
- Hill: 61.4%
- Mountain: 24.4%
- Plain: 14.2%
- Coastal length: 1.639 km