Florence is the capital of Tuscany, located at the center-north of Italy it’s actual size is 102,41 km² with a current population of 373.446.
Was an important cultural, commercial, economic and financial center during the middle ages, has been the residential area of the Florentine duchy under the rule of the Medici family. And after the unification of Italy 1861, it was designated capital of the country from 1865 to 1871.
The Renaissance birth place, the re-immerging of Europe from the dark ages basically starts from this very place. Considered as a world heritage city by UNESCO, and is universally recognized as one of the cradles of fine-arts and architecture, and renowned as one of the most beautiful cities in the world, thanks to its numerous monuments and museums.
Modern banking also started in Florence it was the Medici family that came up with key financial service and money lending policies. Legalize credit and made money a legitimate preserves of banks.
Florence stands 50 meters on both banks of the Arno river, in a broad flat basin bounded by pleasant wooded hills. On the slopes lays residential centers and dwellings, which augmented in the second half of this century, dwellers have greatly expanded the city to give life to a true metropolitan area.
Florence is widely known as the city of art, possessed priceless paintings and sculpture, architectural structures and historical values. This heritage is the fabric the city is made of.
Due to the vast artistic wealth, the city has an enormous number of museums and art galleries, in the rankings of 15 most visited museum in Italy 1/3 of them are Florentine Museum.
Florence is famous around of the world not only for arts but also for it’s culinary expertise and for it’s rich enotecas’.
Every year Florence is flooded with millions of tourist, and Arts is the main attraction but Italian cuisines and alcoholic beverages are also enjoyed by visitors. The city is not only visited by tourists from around the world, but it is also one favorite destination of Italian nationals.
The city also offers to visitor's magnificent cuisine and excellent wine, a classic combination for those in search for new flavors and food of high quality. The simple and original Florentine cuisine is the secret of restaurant's cook, vegetables and legumes all locally produced are mixed together in the imaginations of outstanding chefs and make it manifest by his creative hands.
Tuscany, produced 40 types of wine, for this reason wine lover tourist will surely enjoy the vast variety of wines that Florence has on their wine cellar.
40 types of Tuscany wine and each type there’s always the version of white and red and sometime light-red, almost over a hundred different taste and flavor. From the well-known Chianti to the Brunello di Montalcino, an intense ruby like colored wine matured for a minimum of two years in oak barrels, but producers let this special red wine mature in four years, plus another six months in glass bottles. Practically, this wine cannot be put on the market after five years from since the grape fruit was gathered.
The economy side of Florence
Economically versatile, playing and production cultural functions directed not only locally but also to regional and national levels. Industrial activities exhibit a high diversity and, with dimensions of small and medium enterprises.
Among the industries that enjoyed more employees are in complex mechanical, in clothing, in apparel, in furniture’s, pharmaceutical chemistry, industrial polygraphs, wood works, leather and leather. The city is also highly active on still crafts, straw, on furniture accessories, and leather goods.
The city also plays an important role in commerce as trade fairs are held regularly, fashion fairs, in particular, are usually held at the Patti Palace and sometime inside the best hotels in town.
The city is also home to the stock exchanges, University, European University Institute, and other foreign universities and of the Bishop. In November 4, 1966, Florence was hit by a flood, and the town was severely damaged, with huge losses for its artistic heritage and culture.
Florence is also the birth place to some individuals with extraordinary talents and with ingenious minds who‘s contribution to the world is of immense importance.
Personalities in the like of Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Giotto, Donatello, Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Boccaccio, Meucci, Niccolo Machiavelli, Bernini, Pico della Mirandola, Franco Zeffirelli, Amerigo Vespucci, Margherita Hack and a lot more.